16 tensis dalam bahasa inggris

July 14, 2011 at 7:17 am Leave a comment

16 tensis dalam bahasa inggris

Pengungkapan suatu kejadian/aktivitas atau fakta baik melalui tulisan (writing) maupun percakapan (speaking) pada umumnya mengikuti pola sebagai berikut:

Subject + Verb/Predicate + Object + Modifier

Dalam bahasa Inggris, pengungkapan kejadian/aktivitas atau fakta tersebut selalu berpatokan pada tensis. Dengan tensis, pembaca atau lawan bicara akan mengetahui kapan kejadian/aktivitas atau fakta tersebut terjadi; Apakah sedang berlangsung pada saat sekarang (present continuous tense), apakah terjadi di masa lampau (past tense), apakah sedang berlangsung di masa lampau (past continuous tense), apakah akan terjadi di masa yang akan datang (future tense),  dan seterusnya.

Di sini, kita akan mendiskusikan 16 tensis (& aspek) dalam bahasa Inggris, yaitu:

  1. Simple present tense
  1. Present continuous tense
  2. Simple past tense

Contoh penggunaan simple past dan past continuous tense

It was around 8 p.m.

I was sitting in front of my computer when my daughter suddenly closed my eyes from behind.

  • Me                       : What are you doing, honey?
  • My daughter   : Please stay still, dad!
  • Me                       : But what are you doing?

She didn’t answer my question. She was busy wrapping my head with a shawl.

Everything then looked dark because my eyes were completely covered. So, when she slowly ushered me to the family room, I could barely walk. It took us forever to move from the computer room to the living room.

After having sat on the couch, my daughter unleashed the shawl from my head. The room was dark. The light was intentionally turned off. In the dark,  I   saw  my wife sitting in front of me. She was smiling and looking at me when she lit the candles.

What a surprise. Yup, they were all for my birthday. Frankly, I was deeply touched. It was another memorable moment in my life.  Thanks guys for the attention you showed me. I love you all.

Vocabs:

  • stay still = diam, tidak bergerak
  • wrap = membungkus
  • shawl = selendang
  • be covered = tertutup
  • usher = menuntun/memandu
  • can barely = hampir tidak bisa
  • forever = lama sekali (sebuah kiasan hiperbolik).
  • unleashe = melepaskan ikatan
  • be turned off = dimatikan/dipadamkan

Kesimpulan

Jika aktivitas/kejadian telah dilakukan/terjadi dan berakhir in the past, gunakanlah simple past tense. Sedangkan, jika aktivitas tersebut sedang in action/in progress pada waktu yang sangat spesifik in the past, gunakanlah past continuous tense.

Past continuous tense

  1. Present perfect tense
  2. Present perfect continuous tense
  3. Past perfect tense
  4. Past perfect continuous tense
  5. Simple future tense
  6. Future continuous tense
  7. Future perfect tense
  8. Future perfect continuous tense
  9. Past future tense
  10. Past future continuous tense
  11. Past future perfect tense
  12. Past future perfect continuous tense

Pada tabel di bawah secara berturut-turut diberikan contoh untuk tiap-tiap tensis. Perhatikan perubahan verb atau verb phrase seiring dengan berubahnya keterangan waktu.

Subject
Verb/Predicate
Object
Modifier
1
We
study
English
everyday.
2
We
are studying
English
now.
3
We
studied
English
last night.
4
We
were studying
English
when she came last night.
5
We
have studied
English
for 3 hours.
6
We
have been studying
English
for 3 hours.
7
We
had studied
English
for 3 hours when she came last night.
8
We
had been studying
English
for 3 hours when she came last night.
9
We
will study
English
tomorrow.
10
We
will be studying
English
when she comes tomorrow.
11
We
will have studied
English
for 3 hours when she comes tomorrow.
12
We
will have been studying
English
for 3 hours when she comes tomorrow.
13
We
would study
English
when she came last night.
14
We
would be studying
English
when she came last night.
15
We
would have studied
English
for 3 hours when she came last night.
16
We
would have been studying
English
for 3 hours when she came last
 
night.
Advertisements

Entry filed under: umum.

tak mungkin hilang Teori terjemahan

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Trackback this post  |  Subscribe to the comments via RSS Feed


July 2011
M T W T F S S
« Jun   Aug »
 123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031

Dede sinta

photo waktu bai

Dede sinta

Recent Posts

Blog Stats

  • 5,575 hits

Top Clicks

  • None

my facebook

BEC


%d bloggers like this: